National Renewable Energy Action Plan
Directive 2009/28/EC requires each Member State to reach a share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020. The EU target to be reached in 2020, which is set at 20%, is expected to be achieved through different targets set at Member State level. These national targets were based on the share of renewable energy sources in gross final consumption of energy at Member State level available in 2005. Malta has a target of 10%. Furthermore, all Member States shall ensure that the share of energy from renewable energy sources in all forms of transport in 2020 is at least 10% of the final consumption of energy in transport in that Member State.
The Directive requires Member States to publish a National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) explaining how the national overall renewable energy target and the transport target shall be achieved. Malta submitted its first NREAP in 2011. However, technological advancement, studies and experience prompted the Government to update Malta’s national plan. The document issued in 2017 presents a revised National Renewable Energy Action Plan for Malta, incorporating new priorities, projects and initiatives put forward for the energy sector.
Malta is committed to reach the 2020 renewable energy target, which will simultaneously contribute to the reduction of the country’s carbon footprint. These results are expected to be achieved through a number of renewable energy technologies, photovoltaic installations, solar water heaters, waste-to-energy, heat pumps, biomass imports and biofuels.
A number of initiatives, namely support to photovoltaic installations, solar water heaters as well as the obligation of importers to introduce biofuels to the market have enabled Malta to increase its share of renewable energy.
More information on currently open schemes can be found below:
- Feed-in tariff schemes: read more
- PV grant scheme: read more
- Solar water heater scheme: read more
- Heat pump water heater scheme: read more
Primary Energy Factor
A primary energy factor (PEF) connects primary and final energy. The primary energy factor for electricity indicates how much primary energy is used to generate a unit of electricity.
Primary energy is made up of:
- Fuels used by conventional power generation plants
- Electricity generated by renewable energy sources (namely PV and WtE plants)
- Imports of electricity through the interconnector
The PEF is calculated by dividing the primary energy with the electricity consumed by final energy consumers, that is, the units billed by the electricity utility. Based on projected electricity generation and consumption figures for the period 2018 – 2020, the proposed PEF for Malta is 2.0.
Concerted Action for the Renewable Energy Directive Project
The Agency participates in the Concerted Action on the Renewable Energy Directive (CA-RES). The project is a structured and confidential dialogue between national authorities responsible for the implementation of the Directive 2009/28/EC or their nominated representatives. In the CA-RES, participating countries exchange experience and best practices, participate in a cross-learning process and develop common approaches. The CA-RES is organised around 5 Core Themes in the areas of RES electricity, RES heat, guarantees of origin and disclosure, biomass mobilisation and sustainability and RES in transport.