Developments in the energy sector have a direct effect on the economic and social progress of Malta, as also on the rest of world.  The Energy Unit within the Agency has the role to guide the Maltese Government into drafting and implementing energy policies that would provide Malta, security of supply, economic progress and environmental sustainability. The Unit is called to prepare and put into action national objectives, while having the responsibility to follow the workings of the institutions within the European Union and their energy portfolio.  The Unit represents Malta in various discussions concerning energy Directives and Regulations in order to make sure that Malta continues to provide a protective, competitive and sustainable life to the citizens and enterprises, residing and operating in Malta.

Energy Efficiency

The cheapest form of energy is that which is not consumed, and hence investments in energy saving and energy efficiency have the potential to provide the most attractive rate of return. The EU Directive promoting energy efficiency and obliging Member States to achieve energy saving targets defines energy efficiency as the ratio of the output of the performance, service, goods or energy to the input of energy.

To reduce the energy input required to provide the products and services, energy efficiency measures are implemented.  These measures vary in the various sectors of the economy and most of these energy efficiency measures are also the topic of a number of schemes design by Government to facilitate their introduction, e.g. the vehicle scrappage scheme, the residential roof insulation schemes and the support of actions in the industrial and tertiary sector. These schemes reflect the fact that a collective effort is required from all sectors to compliment the considerable change taken the power utility, Enemalta plc, to upgrade both its electricity generation and its electricity distribution capabilities in order to attain a more secure, viable and sustainable energy sector.

Renewable Energy

Energy from renewable sources can be defined as energy from non-fossil fuel sources, namely wind, solar, aerothermal, geothermal, hydro and ocean energy, biomass, and waste streams e.g. landfill gas and gas emanating from sewage treatment plants.

The most abundant source of renewable energy across the Maltese Islands is solar energy.  In line with the National Renewable Energy Action Plan, at the end of 2016, more than 90MW of solar capacity were installed around Malta and Gozo generating more than 120GWh throughout the year. Renewable energy systems have been made viable through various support schemes, both as a grant and/or in the form of a feed-in tariff. The grant schemes enable the applicant to also benefit from a feed-in tariff for a number of years.

2030 National Energy & Climate Plan

Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, sets out the legislative foundation for a governance system of the Energy Union and Climate Action, which aims to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2030 and long-term objectives and targets of the Energy Union in line with the Union’s international commitments under the Paris Agreement.

Malta has developed its first National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) in line with the obligations of this Regulation and has submitted the Plan to the European Commission in December 2019. The NECP serves as a strategic planning framework and policy document that will guide Malta’s contribution to achieving the Energy Union’s 2030 objectives and targets, whilst identifying the measures necessary for their achievement during the period until 2030 and beyond.

LNG in Malta

When compared to other fossil fuels, natural gas (NG) has significantly lower CO2 emissions per unit of energy produced. In fact, NG produces 37% less greenhouse gas emissions when compared to Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) and 33% less when compared to gasoil. Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is simply cooled down natural gas to a temperature of -1600C, which makes it easier to store and transport. Indeed, LNG takes up only 1/600 of the volume occupied by natural gas when in its natural ‘gaseous’ form at atmospheric pressure.

Apart from power generation, LNG is also used for transportation purposes. In fact, the Energy and Water Agency is embarking into a new study to determine the technical feasibility and cost analysis of introducing LNG as a Marine Fuel in the Maltese ports and waters.

Other Projects & Initiatives

The Energy Policy Unit participates in several EU funded project, schemes and initiatives aimed at supporting the development of related policy initiatives in the Maltese islands, whilst also spreading knowledge on how to reduce energy consumption. 

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